Basic construction of the Head

 

                 First simplydraw a circle. If you run an axis from the top to its bottom and a line along its equator, you can already imagine it be a sphere instead of a circle, even without any tone or value. Divide the sphere into quarters to further aid in this imagination. The sphere tips in the direction that you tilt the axis. Now if you slice off the sections at the sides of the sphere, you will get the sides of the head. The equator line becomes the eye brow line (the position where you place the eyebrows, not the eyes) The front of the head is curved but not as rounded as the sphere, therefore flatten it out a bit and bring it down a bit to get the bottom of the chin. i.e., Mark a point about halfway between the eyebrow line and the point where the axis comes out of the sphere, that gives the hair line. Almost about the same distance below the eyebrow line, is the end of the nose, the same distance below that is the bottom of the chin. The top of the ear usually lies on line with the eyebrow line and the bottom of the ear on line with the end of the nose.   

Tilts 1

Tilts 2

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Jiddu Krishnamurti

 

Jiddu Krishnamurti

Faces -6

 

Drawing Human Heads

 

                Its important to first determine the tilt of the head, don`t jump in and draw the features at the start. Choose a subject or photo that is taken at eye level, one that is taken from above or below will introduce perspective problems. Then check how the head is tilted- upwards, downwards, sideways? Sometimes a slight downward tilt with the eyes looking upward can fool you into thinking that the tilt is upward and so on. Front-on views without any tilt are the easiest to draw since both sides of the face are symmetrical – eyebrows, eyes, corners of the mouth and nostrils, ears all fall on the same level. But these can get a bit boring, 3/4th views are the most interesting. Draw a circle and imagine this to be a ball, draw the vertical line from the middle of the forehead through to the nose through to the centre of the mouth and to the bottom of the chin. This line will lie at the exact centre for a front-on view, otherwise it moves to the side. Draw a horizontal line for the eyebrow line. Again this line lies at the centre if the head is looking straight, towards the top for an upward tilt and towards the bottom for a downward tilt. Slice off a section at both sides of the ball to get the side of the head. The ear will lie on the bottom fourth quarter of this circle.  Draw the jaw line from the bottom of the chin to the ear. Now its safe to start defining the features..

               Learning (i.e. through drawing and practicing) a bit of the bone structure of the skull helps to place the features properly and learning the muscular structure underneath the skin helps us to make the faces express emotions.  Its fun to first capture simple emotions like happiness and joy through smiles, grins and laughs then master subtler and more complex emotions. Perservere doggedly through failures, there`s nothing like the sweet taste of accomplishment! 

Faces-5

           

                      Pointillism is a technique of using dots of pure color to cover the form and letting the eye do the mixing optically rather than mixing colors on the pallette to achieve more vibrant colors (we are able to see both the umixed, individual colors and the mixed colors). Here I`ve used strokes of different, pure colors for the shadows.

                    The colors here are Faber Castell polychromos – light and middle flesh for base skin tone, dark flesh and a bit fuchsia for the pinker areas of lips, gums and cheeks. Phthalo blue, delft blue and light cadmium yellow for the eyes. Warm grey 5, dark and light cadmium yellow, fuchsia, deep scarlet red for the flower. Darker layers of medium flesh, delft blue, warm grey 5, deep scarlet red for the shadow areas. Bit of charcoal for deep black. 

Watercolor Pencils

 

Eden Rose `85

Eden Rose is a climbing rose and the mother of the family of Romantica Roses

                  

                    I just did this rose as a quick study to test my new watercolor pencils. Its based on a photo from a book about roses by Andreas Barlage. I love the by-line of  his book, the sentiment for this love of roses is so simply put: Ohne Rosen geht es nicht!  There is no literal translation to it in English but its meaning lies somewhere between Can`t do without roses and Doesn`t work without roses. This is what I love most in Germans, their love and care for plants and flowers and the pride they take in their gardens. One can see even very elderly persons pruning or weeding or generally busying about in their gardens on a warm Sommer Nachmittag. The next best thing I like about them is their sense of order. Who doesn`t marvel at their public transport system running like clockwork to the exact minute, one can probably even say second. When I was new here, I used to find it slightly amusing that they would start wearing perplexed frowns  and generally fidget about if the clocked ticked to the next minute and the tram hadn`t arrived by then. Now ofcourse, after many years of living here, I too fidget about as I wait for the message announcing why and how long the Verspätung is. I think I`ve taken to this place like a duck to water.

                  The Faber Castell Albrecht Dürer line is made in Germany and they come with their own individual lightfastness ratings, something which is difficult to get hold of in colored pencils, so you can choose the colors which have the highest ratings. The watercolor pencils are soft and have intense chroma and you can work with them either dry or wet. I thought it would be fun to try them because you get more control with pencils. Also to an extent you can layer light on dark, so you don`t need that kind of discipline that regular watercolors require in that you have to get it right the first time. Just lay down strokes and blend different colors. Also, you can take a white or light colored pencil and go over the entire area softly smudging it. This will give an evenly blended area with a smooth finish, a dry technique called burnishing. Layer on darker colors if needed and repeat the burnishing. For the wet techniques, lay down strokes that follow the shape of the form you are trying to create, and gently go over it with damp brush to even out the layer (but you can still keep distinguishing marks). You can also dampen the paper first and then lay down the strokes which gives a different effect. Or dip the tip of the pencil (don`t dip the wooden casing!) in water and then lay down strokes. They can be combined with their polychromos colored pencils for mixed media work. Their range is color coded in different media so that you can combine them and not worry about colors standing out awkardly.  Lots of exciting possiblities!

                    I painted this rose on WN CP paper, with Albrecht Dürer Ivory, Cream, Warm Grey 1, Cool Grey 4, Light violet, Light Cadmium Red, Deep Red, Madder, Pink Madder Lake, Middle Purple Pink, Magenta, Light Green, Emerald Green and Black (Isnt`t it great when you can get new art supplies, you feel like a child in an ice cream shop who can`t decide on the flavour because they`re all so verführerisch..erdbeeren, kiwi, bananen, pistazie….!). I also used the polychromos Light Cadmium Yellow for the veins. These are a bit hard and they leave an indentation mark, so if you draw in the veins with the colored pencil and layer on top dry on dry they will show even through a darker layer on top. (But if you wet it, the color will seep into the indented line)

Faces-4

 

woman`s face

How to Draw Mouths – Part 2

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How to Draw Mouths – Part 1

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Faces-3

 

face